Observing crossed eyes in babies for the first time is one of the most intriguing experiences for new parents. While it may initially be surprising and cause concern, rest assured that it is entirely normal.

Interesting fact: Newborns are essentially born legally blind. Their vision is limited to approximately 8 to 12 inches, roughly the distance from an adult’s chest to their face. Beyond this range, everything is perceived as movement and shadows.

Between birth and the age of one month, it’s common for a baby’s eyes to wander, occasionally in different directions. This occurrence is more frequent when the baby is adjusting their eyes from focusing on something close to something farther away or when they are tired.

By the time a baby reaches around three months old, their eyes should no longer be crossing or wandering independently. If a baby continues to exhibit crossed or wandering eyes at this age, consulting with a doctor is advisable.

Babies crossing their eyes after the three-month mark may be experiencing one of the following conditions:

1. Pseudostrabismus: An optical illusion that makes it appear as if the baby’s eyes are crossing when, in reality, they are not. This is common and often occurs when babies have a wider nose bridge or larger flaps of skin in the corners of their eyes.

2. Strabismus: A rare condition characterized by truly crossed eyes, caused by muscle weakness in one eye more than the other.

3. Amblyopia: Resulting from strabismus, this condition leads to decreased vision in the crossed eye as it wanders. Early intervention is key for treatment and correction, typically involving wearing a patch or cover over the eye with better vision to strengthen the muscles of the weaker eye.

If you have any concerns or questions about your baby’s vision, it’s recommended to discuss them with the pediatrician.